Pigeon Island National Park
The Pigeon Island National Park, located in Trincomalee, is one of the newer parks in the island, and has quickly become one of the more popular parks in the country. Declared a national park in 2003, the nature reserve consists of two islands that are connected by corals, and is home to a myriad of marine species, as the 100 or so coral species surrounding the island proves to be a perfect habitat for several marine species. Although sprawling with rare and endemic marine life, the islands were once used as a shooting range during the Second World War.
While the islands are home to marine life, it is also known for the birds that take refuge in the area. The rocky outcrop of the island is home to a number of endangered Rock Pigeons. According to the Wildlife Department, the islands are home to about 300 species of reef fish that dwell in the coral reefs. Engaging in some exciting scuba diving during the season that typically lasts from May to September allows you to see just a glimpse of Sri Lanka’s unique marine ecosystem that surrounds its lands. If you are lucky, you might be able to spot adult and juvenile Blacktip Reef Sharks, along with the rare Hawksbill and Olive Ridley turtles.